A repayable advance related to the ERC would be classified as a current liability, assuming that the entity expects to meet the remaining conditions. When the conditions are met, a for-profit entity would recognize the ERC as grant income or other income; an NFP entity must record the ERC as income. An entity may recognize income from the Employee Retention Credit in the period in which it determines that the conditions have been substantially met, which will require an evaluation to determine whether the process for applying for the credit is more than or only an administrative barrier to receiving the credits. Once an entity has determined that the conditions have been met, it can recognize the Employee Retention Credit as income in that period.
However, institutions should remember that their application for credit could be refused even if the institution believes that they have met the conditions of the programme. As with other forms of government assistance provided under the CARES Act, entities will need to consider the accounting and financial implications of their participation in this program. Because the ERC is not an income-based tax credit, it is not within the scope of Codification of Accounting Standards (ASC) 740, Income Taxes. The employee retention credit equals 50 percent of the qualifying wages (including qualified health plan expenses) that an eligible employer pays in a calendar quarter.
If a third party payer (CPEO, PEO or 3504 agent) claims the Employee Retention Credit on behalf of the customer's employer, they must collect from the customer any information necessary to accurately claim the Employee Retention Credit on behalf of their customer. The PEO does not have to complete Schedule R with respect to employers for which it is not applying for an Employee Retention Credit. An employer who receives a tax credit for qualified wages, including assignable qualified health plan expenses, does not include the credit in gross income for federal income tax purposes. In addition, an eligible employer may file a claim for reimbursement and make an interest-free adjustment for a prior quarter to claim the employee retention credit to which it was entitled in a previous quarter, following the rules and procedures for making such claims or adjustments.
However, at the request of the IRS, the third-party payer must obtain from the customer's employer and provide the IRS with records proving the customer's eligibility for the Employee Retention Credit. There is no United States GAAP guidance for for-profit business entities that receive government assistance other than in the form of a loan, tax credit, or income from a contract with a customer. For more information on how to apply for the refundable employee retention credit, see How to Claim the Employee Retention Credit. One provision included a reimbursable credit that organizations could apply against qualified wages and certain health insurance costs, the Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC).
Organizations with 100 or fewer employees could use the credit for all employees, regardless of whether employees provided services. These rules are similar to the rules that apply with respect to the choice of payroll tax available in section 41 (h) of the Code for the Credit of Certain Research and Development Expenses. The Employee Retention Credit (ERC) program has allowed many employers to apply for and obtain cash credits as a benefit to retain employees during the COVID-19 pandemic. Accordingly, a similar deduction (disauthorization) would apply under the Employee Retention Credit, so that an employer's aggregate deductions would be reduced by the amount of the credit as a result of this disauthorization rule.
The Employee Retention Credit is a fully refundable employer tax credit equal to 50 percent of the qualifying wages (including eligible eligible health plan expenses) paid to their employees by eligible employers. An eligible employer can file their own Form 7200, Advance Payment of Employer Credits Due to COVID-19, to claim the Advance Credit. The third party payer is not entitled to the Employee Withholding Credit with respect to wages that he remits on behalf of the employer (regardless of whether the third party is considered an employer for other purposes of the Internal Revenue Code (the Code)). .